American Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Sciences https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss <p>American Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Sciences is an open access peer reviewed journal. The journal is double blind peer reviewed. The journal publishes the research in the field of humanities and social sciences. </p> <p><strong>ISSN (E):</strong> 2832-8019 <strong>JIF 2024:</strong> 9.445</p> American Journals Publishing en-US American Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Sciences 2832-8019 THE MOST IMPORTANT ASPECTS OF MASTERING WRITTEN SPEECH https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1801 <p>This perceptive piece delves into the significance of constructing a well-organized narrative with clarity and coherence, emphasizing the importance of a logical flow. It underscores the foundational role of grammar and syntax in guaranteeing precision and the accurate conveyance of ideas. Vocabulary and word choice are explored as crucial tools for nuanced expression while maintaining accessibility. The article promotes brevity, accentuating the impact of concise communication. Key elements such as organizational strategies, audience awareness, and the maintenance of a cohesive writing style are pinpointed as essential for creating professional and captivating content. By prioritizing revision and editing, the article offers practical insights applicable to diverse writing contexts, serving as a valuable resource for those aiming to improve their written communication skills across academic, professional, and creative spheres.</p> Shadiyeva Shahnoza Sulaymanovna Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-05 2024-02-05 21 1 5 ENSURING EFFECTIVENESS OF EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AS A PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEM https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1818 <p>The effectiveness of educational activities is the main criterion as the best criterion for assessing the level of quality of the educational process. In each education system (primary, general, secondary specialized, higher), the main task and goal is to increase the effectiveness of educational activities. Factors influencing the effectiveness of educational activities and the dynamics of educational effectiveness are one of the pressing issues in psychology.</p> Tursunali Xudaynazarov Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-09 2024-02-09 21 6 12 SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGOICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1805 <p>Interpersonal relationships play a crucial role in the socio-emotional development of preschool children. This article explores the socio-psychological characteristics that shape interpersonal relationships among preschoolers, including attachment, empathy, prosocial behavior, peer acceptance, and conflict resolution skills. It examines how these characteristics influence the quality of relationships and social interactions within the preschool setting. The article highlights the importance of fostering positive socio-psychological development and provides recommendations for supporting healthy interpersonal relationships among preschool children. By understanding and addressing these characteristics, educators and parents can create a nurturing environment that promotes social-emotional well-being and positive relationship building in preschoolers.</p> Toshtemirova Mavjuda To'lqin qizi Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-05 2024-02-05 21 13 17 SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS OF EMOTIONAL RELATIONS IN THE PEDAGOGICAL COMMUNITY https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1806 <p>Emotional relations within the pedagogical community play a vital role in creating a supportive and conducive learning environment. This article examines the socio-psychological factors that influence emotional relations among educators, including trust, communication, collaboration, job satisfaction, and organizational culture. It explores how these factors impact the overall well-being and effectiveness of the pedagogical community. The article highlights the importance of fostering positive emotional relations and provides recommendations for improving interpersonal dynamics within the pedagogical community. By understanding and addressing these socio-psychological factors, educational institutions can cultivate a harmonious and collaborative environment that benefits both educators and students.</p> Botirova Yorqinoy Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-05 2024-02-05 21 18 22 IMPACT OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT PILLARS IN ESTABLISHING KNOWLEDGE REPOSITORIES THROUGH THE MODERATING ROLE OF KNOWLEDGE LEAKAGE: AN APPLIED STUDY IN THE MINISTRY OF IRAQI PLANNİNG https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1811 <p>Purpose - The leakage of knowledge assets, such as intellectual property amassed as a result of information leakage, poses a serious threat to businesses since knowledge is a critical strategic organizational asset that needs to be safeguarded as a competitive resource. organizational skills. The purpose of this paper is to ascertain how knowledge management pillars affect organizational knowledge repositories and how this relationship is established. The study assesses the moderating role of knowledge leaking in the relationship.<br>Design/methodology/approaches - The research employed survey methodologies and quantitative design as a research strategy for gathering data and evaluating the models. The proposed linkages are based on data gathered from 225 employees in the Ministry of Planning.Findings - The results of the data analysis demonstrated that the modifying variable had a detrimental influence on the study model. It was positive except for the interaction between information repositories and the pillars of knowledge management. Many recommendations for additional research were made, and theoretic and practical consequences were explored.<br>Originality/Value - The study aimed to identify knowledge repositories and knowledge management pillars. In addition, knowledge leakage plays a role in enhancing knowledge repository efforts. Finally, the study was conducted in the context of the Iraqi Ministry of Planning. It is the only study that addresses research factors. As a result, it serves as a valuable resource for scholars and other interested parties in fields related to knowledge management.</p> Wisam Bader Kadhim Prof. Dr. Muhammed Hussein Manhal Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-07 2024-02-07 21 23 42 STATE IN MEDIEVAL WESTERN PHILOSOPHY PHILOSOPHICAL VIEWS ON MANAGEMENT https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1822 <p>In medieval Western philosophy, there were various approaches to public administration. Philosopher scientists have mentioned their own ideas. They were led by the idea of how fikir mulohazas should be in public administration, what should be paid attention to public administration, with mulohazas contributing themselves to public administration.</p> Tursunov Bakhodir Nishanovich Foziljonov Azizbek O’zganboyev Abduraxmon Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-09 2024-02-09 21 43 46 IN 1945-1960, MUSLIM RELIGIOUS EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS LIMITED THE TRAINING OF RELIGIOUS PERSONNEL https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1823 <p>This article describes the official permission to establish the Central Asia and Kazakhstan Muslim Administration, to open mosques, as well as the permission to train religious institutions and their subsequent restrictions during the Soviet rule.</p> Yusupov Rasuljon Malikovich Tursunboyev Alisher Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-09 2024-02-09 21 47 51 MASS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CREATIVE THINKING IN CHILDREN ROLE OF THE MEDIA https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1824 <p>The article reflects on the importance of the media, primarily television, in the development of creative thinking in children. The features of the psychological impact of shows for children given on television on their cognitive abilities, creative thinking and increasing the wealth of speech are analyzed.</p> Karimov Mukhammadrakhim Salimzhan son Hakimov Arabboy Yusufjan son Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-09 2024-02-09 21 52 61 TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGES IN UZBEKISTAN: OPPORTUNITIES AND PRIVILEGES https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1825 <p>"In the article, it is argued that mastering a foreign language enables individuals to keep up with global developments. Simultaneously, it offers a means to disseminate the nation's culture worldwide. Currently, there is a pressing demand for children to be taught foreign languages seriously, provided that this does not compromise their national identity. In Uzbekistan today, there is considerable discussion about the opportunities available to young people fluent in foreign languages."</p> Tursunov Behzodbek Orifjonov Omadbek Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-09 2024-02-09 21 62 64 QUALIFIED SPECIALIST IN AGRICULTURE PERSONNEL SUPPORT AND CHANGES IN IT https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1826 <p>This article focuses on the issues of training specialists in the field of Agriculture in our republic after independence, including the Andijan region.</p> Akhmedova Umidakhan Vakhobov Shakhrukh Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-09 2024-02-09 21 65 69 FACTORS OF NATURE PROTECTION IN UZBEKISTAN DURING THE YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1827 <p>This article discusses the factors of environmental protection in Uzbekistan during the years of independence: the further development of the activities of government bodies in the field of ecology and environmental protection, as well as the importance of protecting the natural environment, using natural resources and ensuring environmental safety.</p> Badalbaeva Irodakhon Khabibulaevna Adilova Umidakhan Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-09 2024-02-09 21 70 72 DEHKANCHILIK CULTURE: TRADITIONALIST AND PAINTING-RUSUMLAR https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1828 <p>In this article, the author talks about the farming culture of the Uzbek people and the rituals that embody the unique thinking of the people in its development. Issues such as the deep historical roots of customs and rituals related to farming traditions, as well as the fact that they are closely related to religious views, are analyzed on the basis of historical sources.</p> Valikhonova Gulnorakhon Komiljonovna Artikova Oltinoy Akhmedov Komiljon Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-09 2024-02-09 21 73 77 ON THE FORMATION OF YOUTH'S SPIRITUAL IMAGE https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1829 <p>In this article, the authors analyze the issues of spirituality, responsibility of youth, their responsibilities to the future of the nation, spiritual image, worldview, views put forward by the ancestors regarding education.</p> Valikhonova Gulnora Komiljonovna Khusanova Madina Jumaboeva Robiya Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-09 2024-02-09 21 78 80 THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SCIENTIFIC HERITAGE OF THE ANCESTORS IN RAISING THE SPIRITUAL IMAGE OF THE YOUTH https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1830 <p>It is known that it is marking a special period in the life of mankind. Whether it's world politics or the economy, sometimes people are shocked by changes. Integration processes that started with good intentions are increasing the risk of the unexpected. These threats do not choose a nation, a level of development, or a climate. It has become today's most important task to warn the youth of Uzbekistan about the danger that is spreading everywhere and knows no borders, and first of all, to educate them in the spirit of loyalty to the history of the Motherland, the heritage and values of their ancestors. Since the future of the state and the country is in the hands of young people, it is an extremely urgent and important task to set the right directions in education and training for them. As President Sh. Mirziyoev noted, "...first of all, the most important task is to form and educate the thinking of young people on the basis of enlightenment [1]". Of course, since we are mobilizing all our strength and opportunities for the happy living of our youth, the issue of spiritual education in this regard, without a doubt, is of incomparable importance [2].</p> Valikhonova Gulnora Komiljonovna Azimov Arabboy Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-09 2024-02-09 21 81 85 INSTILLING AND STRENGTHENING THE CONSCIOUSNESS OF YOUNG PEOPLE TO ENSURE INFORMATION SECURİTY https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1831 <p>Ability to use modern information technologies; communication with the artificial intelligence system, dialogic communication in the "hybrid intelligence" man-machine system, telematics tools, processes of using global and local information and computing networks were studied.</p> Sultonov To’lqin Azamatovoch Abdumalikova Odinaxon Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-09 2024-02-09 21 86 90 THE ROLE AND IMPORTANCE OF MORAL VALUES IN SOCIETY https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1832 <p>In this article, moral values have a continuous history in world culture and history, and are based on the national punishment, men, and thinking of the Uzbek people.</p> Mo’ydinov Hamidullo Raxmatillo o’g’li Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-09 2024-02-09 21 91 94 MATCHMAKING RELATIONS IN UZBEKISTAN https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1833 <p>The invention of the article uzbeklarning the marriage of Bulgan sovhilik Bilan berklik urf-the custom of Andijan region wintkazilgan ethnographic researcher based on yeritib berilgan.</p> Karimova Medina Botirzhonovna Umarova Zilolakhan Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-09 2024-02-09 21 95 97 FOLK MEDICINE VAOILAIC RITUALS OF NATIONAL AND RELIGIOUS CHARACTERISTICS https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1834 <p>The article provides a philosophical analysis of the national and religious peculiarities of the ancient family rituals and customs of our ancestors. The role of this ceremony and Customs in stabilizing the family environment is shown by the important characteristics of folk medicine.</p> M.A. Karimova Quchadullayev Rahmatillox Zafarbek son Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-09 2024-02-09 21 98 103 ANALYSIS OF SOCIO-PHILOSOPHICAL IDEAS IN THE WORKS OF ALISHER NAVOI https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1835 <p>Present article offers a philosophical examination of the manifold aspects of Alishir Navai’s creative life. Also, it discusses the contemporary relevancy of the notions of justice, humanity which are found frequently in Navai’s works. Navai’s works are filled with philosophical speculations about the interrelation of an individual and the society, the earthly happiness, man and the community, and thoughts on education and enlightenment.</p> Karimov Muhammadrakhim Salimjon son Rozimatov Umidjon Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-09 2024-02-09 21 104 108 THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE LIFE AND SCIENTIFIC HERITAGE OF MUHAMMAD KASHGORI IN THE RISE OF SPIRITUALITY OF YOUTH https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1836 <p>In our country, significant work is being done in the field of studying the spiritual and cultural heritage, which is considered one of our national values. The attitude towards history has changed, the national-spiritual and religious-educational consciousness of our people has grown. The fundamentals of Islam, which are the spiritual foundations of our spirituality, began to be correctly interpreted. Ample opportunities have been created for scientific research in this area.</p> Gofforov Zafariddin Zainobiddinovich Ganiyev Avazbek Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-09 2024-02-09 21 109 112 FORMATION OF SOCIALLY ACTIVE CIVIL EDUCATION OF STUDENTS IN HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1837 <p>Approaches related to the idea of the essence of the content of education of a citizen, an active citizen, an individual approach, approaches related to the development of active civil initiatives, education of students as a harmonious person with intellectual potential, pedagogical conditions for the development of socially active civil competence, knowledge of socially active civil education, civil duty, obligation and rights, compliance with it, in legal relations, there has been thought about methods of shaping qualities such as treatment and possession of a legal culture.</p> Qoʻrgʻonboyev Shukrillo Maxmudillo oʻg’li Mingboyev Boburjon Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-09 2024-02-09 21 113 115 GEOGRAPHICAL AND CHRONOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION OF THE EMERGENCE OF RELIGIONS https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1838 <p>Religion is a maslak, a view doctrine that directly surrounds Nature, Society, man and his mind, purpose and destiny from living, expresses faith and faith in the divine power, which is beyond the environment, creates man, at the same time suddenly shows him the path of life "true", "true" and "righteous" and learns. The role of religion in the life of society as a spiritual and spiritual value is multifaceted in its function. Man is different from other creatures in his spiritual essence. To do this, humanity must look at the human principles of religious doctrine, which are the mainstay of spirituality. Religion has long been a holistic system of ideas and views, which, as a component of human spirituality, embodies the high ideals of humanity, dreams of truth and truth, dishonesty and justice, strengthening them in the form of stable rules. Religion will never lead mankind to a bad path. Religion reminds us that this world is fleeting, that the afterlife, that a person encourages his child to be vigilant, to walk away from dirty roads, to be good, to leave a good mark.</p> Son of Karimov Nasibjon Ikromiddin Tursunboev Alisher Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-09 2024-02-09 21 116 121 REFORMS AND THEIR IMPORTANCE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF MUSEOLOGY IN DEVELOPING UZBEKISTAN https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1839 <p>This article aims to support the activities of museums in our Country, complex development of their marketing policy and services sphere, effective application of innovative technologies to museums, as well as to create modern new expositions on the history of Uzbek people and statehood in museums, the first and Second Renaissance periods, the life and work of great allomas, to widely promote our rich historical and cultural heritage.</p> Mingboyeva Nozima Ulugbekovna Talibjonova Zilola Khalimjan daughter Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-09 2024-02-09 21 122 126 THE COMPARISON OF LOVE IN «FARHOD AND SHIRIN» AS WELL AS «ROMEO AND JULIETA» https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1840 <p>This article compares the expression of love in two masterpieces of English and Uzbek literature «Farhod and Shirin» by great poet and writer Alisher Navoi as well as «Romeo and Juliette» by outstanding playwright, one of the founders of English literature William Shakespeare. The role of love and its expression is used differently in literature of these two rich nations.</p> Aslonova Rushana Akobirovna Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-09 2024-02-09 21 127 133 SOCIAL CHANGES IN THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1844 <p>The article analyzes effective reforms in the social sphere in Uzbekistan, the issue of social protection of the population during the transition to a market economy, the main goal of all the reforms being carried out in the country, and today's issues of labor protection.</p> R.А.Nosirov Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 21 134 138 HUMAN POTENTIAL (POTENTIAL) INFORMATION SOCIETY AS A DEVELOPMENT FACTOR https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1845 <p>In the article, the development of human potential is currently the development of an information society, modernization of the economy, social teachings, the vitality of social communities, their self-development, maintenance of social order, the development of economic, political and social spheres, the role of the subjective, human factor in solving the existing problem such issues are covered.</p> Haydarov Abror Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 21 139 142 POPULATION ECOLOGY ITS THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1846 <p>The article analyzes the main factors in the formation of the ecological culture of the population, the actions taken to solve this problem, the nature of environmental problems, especially the problems related to the use of natural resources, the problems related to the environment in each country and in the global environment in the multipolar world trend.</p> Tulkin Kuiliev Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-11 2024-02-11 21 143 144 RUSSIAN WEDDING RITES, UZBEK WEDDING RITES: SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1861 <p>In this article Russian and Uzbek wedding traditions and rituals, as well as matchmaking in Russian and Uzbek families are covered. Wedding traditions in Uzbekistan are described, as they have developed over hundreds of years, and their rituals and ceremonies are considered one of the most ancient in the world. The article says that a wedding in Uzbekistan is not just a festive event, but a whole complex of traditional ceremonies that are held in a strictly defined order, that this process can last a month, and sometimes a year, since choosing a bride is a very responsible step for young Uzbeks. They carefully study their potential chosen one, her family and environment to make sure that she will become a worthy life partner. The first ceremony is the "Hatim", which is held at the bride's house. Close relatives and friends gather here to bless the future couple and exchange gifts. This is followed by a "Nikah", an official wedding, which is held in a mosque or at the groom's house. After the "Nikah", a magnificent feast is arranged, at which all the relatives and friends of the newlyweds are present. The day after the wedding, the Kelin Salom ceremony is held when the bride visits the groom's house for the first time.</p> Kadirov Alizhon Nuralievich Kadirov Alijon Nuralievich Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-13 2024-02-13 21 145 148 SOCIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF STUDYING ECOLOGICAL CONSCIOUSNESS https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1866 <p>This article is devoted to the topic of socio-psychological aspects of the study of environmental consciousness in the formation of an environmentally healthy environment. The text of the article also discusses the interaction of a person and the environment, the phenomenon of ecological consciousness and its description, consciousness and its development, personality in sociogenesis, ontogenetic development of ecological consciousness, ecological culture and human values, psychological features of the manifestation of ecological consciousness are widely covered.</p> Akramov Mirmuxsin Rustamovich Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 21 149 153 SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS OF DECISION-MAKING IN OPTIMIZATION OF MANAGERIAL ACTIVITY https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1867 <p>This article analyzes the role of management in the activity of a leader and its social and psychological aspects. In the analysis, along with theoretical data, scientific and practical recommendations for optimizing the leader's activity are given.</p> Rasulova Nilufar Tulkunovna Abdurasulov Olimjon Avalboyevich Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-20 2024-02-20 21 154 158 WORKING ON TEXT PROBLEMS IN PHYSICS LESSONS https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajrhss/article/view/1873 <p>By solving problems, children get acquainted with facts that are important in the field of knowledge and education. For example, the content of many issues solved in primary classes includes the work of children and adults, the achievements of our country in the national economy, technology, science and culture. The process of solving problems has a positive effect on the mental development of students in a certain method.</p> Berkinov Alisher Abdurashidovich Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-02-24 2024-02-24 21 159 161