American Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Sciences <p>American Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Sciences is an open access peer reviewed journal. The journal is double blind peer reviewed. The journal publishes the research in the field of humanities and social sciences. </p> <p><strong>ISSN (E):</strong> 2832-8019 <strong> JIF:</strong> 7.855</p> American Journals Publishing en-US American Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Sciences 2832-8019 WORKPLACE MENTAL HEALTH AND JOB PERFORMANCE OF OIL SERVICING FIRMS IN PORT HARCOURT <p>The objective of this paper is to investigate workplace mental health and job performance of oil servicing firms in Port Harcourt. The study adopted a cross sectional research approach, which is a form of the quasi experimental research design in testing the relationship between the variables under study. Spearman Rank Correlation Coefficient and partial correlation were used in testing the hypotheses. The study shows a positive relationship between job performance and staff mental health in oil servicing firms. The relationship between employee mental health and job performance has been one of the key concerns in workplace. However, extant studies suffer from incomplete results due to their focus on developed economies’ contexts and the unclear path of employee mental health’s impact on performance. In this paper, we investigate the mechanism of employee mental health influencing job performance. We use the data of oil servicing firms in Port Harcourt to test these hypotheses. Drawing on a sample of 10 firms from Port Harcourt, we find that employee mental health positively impacts job performance, and such relationship is mediated by innovative behavior and work engagement. The findings not only enrich the discipline’s knowledge on mental health in an emerging economy setting but also extend the implications of mental health, innovative behavior, and work engagement to job performance.</p> Aomreore, Thelma Chinazor Eke, Haniel Okorafor (Ph.D) Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-10 2023-09-10 16 1 12 THE UNITED STATES POSITION ON THE POLITICAL SYSTEMS IN UGANDA (1962-1980) <p>Following the policy followed and the personalities of Milton Obote and Yedi Amin in Uganda are different, and thus created differently on the relations between Uganda and the origins of the United States, where Obote's attitude towards the cold west was recorded after participating in relying on independence, understanding the acceptances of colonial oppression, so he did not show interest in participating in relations With the United States, control of President Amin Amin is unacceptable and unhelpful for predicting a relationship. It is difficult for Uganda to function satisfactorily in the international system, and it is this behavior that remains difficult for the United States except to maintain an embassy in Kampala.</p> Hawraa Razzaq Hassan Ali Adum Mohmad Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-12 2023-09-12 16 13 40 HUMAN CAPITAL INVESTMENT AND FIRM VALUE OF QUOTED MANUFACTURING COMPANIES IN NIGERIA <p>This study aim to explore the relationship between human capital investment and stock prices of manufacturing firms in Nigeria, focusing on the period from 2010 to 2019. Human capital investment was taken as a summation of the expenditures on health, training, and remuneration, while stock prices serve as the dependent variable. The study employs panel data from 30 quoted manufacturing companies and utilizes an ex-post facto research design. The study adopts a panel regression model, specifying that stock price is a function of human capital investment. The model is mathematically represented and tested using the Augmented Dickey-Fuller Unit Root Test for stationarity and hypothesis testing for significance. The study relies on a sample of 30 manufacturing companies, selected using a convenience sample size determined by data availability. The Augmented Dickey-Fuller test established that both variables were stationary, making them apt for panel regression analysis. However, the results of hypothesis testing indicated that there is no statistically significant relationship between human capital investment and stock prices for the sampled companies. The calculated t-statistic (0.1313) and p-value (0.8956) failed to meet the criteria for rejecting the null hypothesis. The findings challenge traditional accounting practices that assume a direct, positive relationship between human capital investment and stock prices. This calls for a reevaluation of how such expenditures are reported and how their return on investment is calculated. Contrary to widely held beliefs and existing literature, the study reveals that human capital investments, specifically in health, training, and remuneration, do not significantly impact the stock prices of manufacturing firms in Nigeria for the period under investigation. This insight necessitates a rethinking of the paradigms surrounding human capital investments and their influence on firm value, particularly in a developing economy like Nigeria.&nbsp;</p> Doghudje, Ufuoma Sylvia Ibanichuka, Emmanuel A. L. Ogbonna, Gabriel N. Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-14 2023-09-14 16 41 52 TO STUDY SALARY COMPENSATION FOR ACADEMICIAN IN EDUCATION INDUSTRY BENCHMARK COMPARISON WITHIN MALAYSIAN EMPLOYMENT MARKET <p>The research is aimed to explore the case study of salary for academician in education industry in comparison towards the benchmark within the overall job employment market in Malaysia. With the rising trend of the business, the job market had been increasing competitive within the employment market. Based on initial understandings, there are multiple suggestion that the compensation package for academicians appear to be less attractive against the compensation from other industries in a non-academician role for the job. With this, the designation of the quantitative study had addressed the comparative analysis using the salary guide to demonstrate the historical salary trend for education industry for the academicians against the accounting and finance related roles in four different industries namely, manufacturing, IT, retail and healthcare. The outcome through the findings had provide solid evidence where the results suggested that IT industry provide the highest compensation package to the individuals where the education industry for academicians appear to be setting lower average against the benchmark agreeing with the initial expectations for the study. The outcome of the study will provide significant drive to understand the needs for the education industry to further develop the revision on the salary compensation package for the academicians to improve the retention of the talents and skills for the teaching force in educational institutions in Malaysia.</p> Dr Yeoh Wee Win Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-15 2023-09-15 16 53 60 PRAGMATIC INTERPRETATION OF DIALECTISMS IN DIALOGIC TEXTS <p>This article discusses the significance of dialectisms in enhancing the artistic and folkloric qualities of literary works. Various types of dialect-specific units, including phonetic, lexical, and grammatical dialectisms, are analyzed through dialogic texts. It is explored that in literary works, the pragmatic features of characters' speech are also influenced by dialect-specific lexicon, considered one of the fundamental linguistic units that reveal the relationships between interlocutors, serving as a means of speech individualization for characters and unveiling their internal, spiritual characteristics.</p> Eshqurbonova Aziza Bozor qizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 16 61 64 THE SIGNIFICANCE OF ALLEGORY AND IRONY IN LANGUAGE ACQUISITION AND COMPREHENSION <p>This article explores the significant impact of allegory on language comprehension focusing on the way of engaging the reader's cognitive processes, fostering critical thinking, and encouraging deeper understanding of complex concepts. The article investigates irony in satire that serves as a powerful tool for social commentary. It allows satirists to critique and ridicule individuals, institutions, or society while engaging and entertaining the audience. By using irony, satirists provoke thought and reflection, ultimately contributing to a more critical and aware society.</p> Kobilova Makhfuza sherali kizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 16 65 71 MILITARY SERVICE PRIDE: NATIONAL UNITY AND SECURITY <p>This annotation summarizes the topic of the pride of the military service, its role in ensuring national solidarity and security. In the formation of a sense of national unity, military service plays an extremely important role in ensuring the security of the nation. This article explores how tolerance and self-sacrifice made by military personnel contribute to a cohesive society and highlights their role in protecting the people from external threats. He explores the sense of pride that comes from serving his country, which can shape a collective self and dedication to the welfare of the people. This article explores the role of the military in ensuring both national solidarity and security, clarifying the necessary contributions of service members in maintaining the welfare and stability of the nation.</p> Shoimov Odil Kasimovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 16 72 73 SYMBOLISM IN THE LYRICS OF S. ESENIN <p>The role and significance of symbolism in literature are important aspects that help create depth and complexity in works of art. Symbols are concrete objects, actions, or images that represent abstract ideas, concepts, or emotions. They can be used to convey complex notions, create atmosphere, express profound feelings, and aid the reader in exploring various levels of meaning in a work.</p> Ozoda Kodirova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 16 74 76 GENERALIZATION OF THE HUA LO-KEN FORMULA IN THE MATRIX POLYHEDRON <p>Integral formulas generalizing the Cauchy integral formula in the theory of functions of one complex variable serve as an important constructive tool. Local residues of many complex variables and integral formulas in multivariate complex analysis serve as a basis in the problems of connecting the values of a function within a domain with the boundary of the domain or with a part of the boundary. Therefore, the study of integral formulas and residues of many variables in function theory plays an important role and is considered one of the topical trends in modern mathematics.</p> Yusupbayeva Hilola Ergashbek daughter Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 16 77 79 IDIOMS WITH A FLORAL COMPONENT AND DIFFICULTIES OF THEIR TRANSLATION <p>This article is devoted to the study of English idioms with flora component, their meaning and use in speech. The aim of the work is to define the concept of "idioms", the history of idioms with the component of flora, centuries-old human observations of the world of flora and the attitude of people to this area of reality. The article also reveals the peculiarities of English idioms with flora component important for translation and considers the problem of adequacy and equivalence in translation, as well as the ways of translation of English idioms into Uzbek.</p> Mukhammadiyeva Shokhsanam Mansur daughter Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-24 2023-09-24 16 80 83 ECONOMETRIC MODELLING OF THE INNOVATION PROCESS IN UZBEKISTAN <p>This paper is dedicated to the analysis of factors affecting innovation in Uzbekistan taking the case of the Joint Stock Company “Uzkimyosanoat”. It involved obtaining primary data for 10 enterprises in the company and analyzing this data. Factors to be looked at were chosen as research and development, intellectual knowledge, human abilities, level of satisfaction, demand for changes, usage of ICT and product development, growth of enterprise.</p> Saidova Marhabo Xabibullo daughter Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-24 2023-09-24 16 84 87 BASICS OF DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS <p>Calculus is the mathematics of change, and rates of change are expressed by derivatives. Thus, one of the most common ways to use calculus is to set up an equation containing an unknown function y=f(x) and its derivative, known as a differential equation. Solving such equations often provides information about how quantities change and frequently provides insight into how and why the changes occur. Techniques for solving differential equations can take many different forms, including direct solution, use of graphs, or computer calculations. We introduce the main ideas in this chapter and describe them in a little more detail later in the course. In this section we study what differential equations are, how to verify their solutions, some methods that are used for solving them, and some examples of common and useful equations.</p> Kazakova Madina Allayar qizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-24 2023-09-24 16 88 92 TIME AND SPACE IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF IBN SINA: OBJECTIVITY AND CONNECTION WITH MATTER <p>This scientific article explores the philosophical understanding of time and space in the teachings of Ibn Sina. Linking time with the concepts of space and movement, Ibn Sina argues that time does not exist without movement. He presents arguments that support the objective nature of time. His view of space is also discussed, where he rejects the idea of emptiness and argues that space is the boundary of the surrounding body, filled with a moving body. The article emphasizes the philosophical significance of time and space in the teachings of Ibn Sina and their correspondence to modern physical concepts.</p> Shahlo Khalilova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-25 2023-09-25 16 93 98 GLOBAL PROBLEMS OF HUMANITY <p>The article explores the global problems facing modern society. She emphasizes that these problems require the common efforts of all countries to solve them, since they affect the life of all humanity and determine the fate of civilization. The article points out the causes of global problems, such as contradictions and conflicts between people, as well as the responsibility of society for the consequences of technological progress. She presents several examples of specific global problems, such as interpersonal problems, problems in relations with nature and society, the problem of war and peace, environmental problems, problems of energy, climate, food and others. Particular attention is paid to the problem of thermonuclear war, which poses a serious threat to humanity. The article emphasizes that all environmental problems have a common root in human activities that negatively affect the environment.</p> Dilorom Yuldasheva Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-26 2023-09-26 16 99 103 ACTIVITIES OF BUKHARA STATE PEDAGOGICAL AND TEACHERS` INSTITUTE DURING WORLD WAR II <p>In this article, you will see that achievements and shortcomings in education and science in Uzbekistan during World War II were highlighted on the example of the Bukhara State Pedagogical and Teacher's Institute. At the same time that the war began, all processes in the institute are re-structured or modified, depending on the demand for war. The institute also described the preparation of units made up of volunteer students for the front, the sending of material and military assistance for the front, as well as many noble works carried out by institute pedagogical workers. You can also get information about how the problems that arose in the conditions of war were eliminated, about the research work carried out.</p> Ismoil Salomov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 16 104 109