https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajac/issue/feed American Journal of Art and Culture 2022-09-19T15:35:29+00:00 Open Journal Systems <p>American Journal of Art and Culture is an peer reviewed international, open access journal. This journal publishes the articles in the field of art and culture. Authors are requested to submit their original research for the double blind peer reviewed journal.</p> https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajac/article/view/18 "PORTRAIT IS A MIRROR OF THE ARTIST'S SOUL" 2022-04-30T16:56:16+00:00 Luiza Albastova Luiza@mail.uz <p>The portrait is perhaps one of the most attractive genres of painting and at the same time ambiguous. The word "portrait" came from the Old French word "pourtrait" which means the image of line to line. In Russian, the word portrait means"similar." It is the portrait that provides the opportunity to talk about the image of a person, allows you to get close to the worldview of personality in various eras. It is interesting to recall a little history of the portrait genre. Especially female portraits of great artists are so unique, you can notice and trace the features of life, clothes of that time. There may be different eras, portrait schools, directions, but in the foreground there is always female beauty and attractiveness. The ideals of beauty at all times were different, but such as Leonardo da Vinci, Titian, Daly-all make it clear to us that in practice a female ideal simply cannot exist. The ceremonial portrait is no less attractive, but this is a less common phenomenon in modern art. Art history introduced us to examples of wonderful works that belonged to this species. It is enough to name the names of D. Velasquez, A. Van Dyck, D. Levitsky, P. Rubens. During the evolution of the portrait there appeared stable portrait forms which represent various ways of comprehending man in the history of culture: "Portrait-likeness" the main priority of which is the transmission of physical similarity to the portraitised; " Portrait-status "where the dominant image is the image of a person in his connections with society; "Portrait-mask" hiding the personality behind the variability of the cultural pattern. "Portrait - social type" where the emphasis from the unique, individual is transferred to the transfer of common features of the individual's belonging to a certain social niche; "Portrait-idea" expressing the author's concept of the artist, and "Portrait-soul" addressed to the transmission of the inner world of the individual. The portrait genre has a unique artistic language that makes it possible to comprehend many people. Art widely uses the conventional language of cultural stereotypes of the perception of a given person by others, and highlighting or hyperbolizing some features of a person's appearance helps identify the image with a specific personality. Nowadays, the portrait is loved by artists and spectators. The portrait as a genre of fine art has always attracted me, you can express the mood, the soul of the person. By depicting people, I look for people in accordance with my idea of&nbsp;&nbsp; human beauty, eyes, hands through which I look at the world. It is interesting to show the essence of a person from the inside. The model can be talked, put in other conditions. Every person has beauty. You have to be able to see it. It is interesting to overcome a difficult one. Write a graceful smile, a strange look, a complex color glowing from the inside, which is a big work.</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajac/article/view/19 BOTANICAL STYLE IN 18TH-19TH CENTURY PORCELAIN IN INFLUENCE ON CONTEMPORARY ART 2022-04-30T17:00:07+00:00 Luiza Albastova Luiza@mail.uz <p>Floral arrangements have been and remain the most popular decorative motif in porcelain painting.Flowers are an indispensable and inexhaustible source of inspiration for contemporary artists.</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajac/article/view/33 THE ‘ANGLOPHONE CRISIS’ IN CAMEROON: A MERE POLITICAL VIOLENCE OR A RESPONSIBILITY TO PROTECT CASE? 2022-06-25T11:08:15+00:00 Benjamin Tonga tongabenjamin@gmail.com <p>Cameroon has been in the throes of a bloody conflict in the English-speaking regions since 2016. It is a conflict over political, cultural rights and identity.&nbsp; In 2016, lawyers and teachers from the English-speaking regions protested the gradual erosion of the Common Law and the Anglo-Saxon system of education practiced in that part of the country.&nbsp; The crisis escalated in 2017 following the ban of the Cameroon Anglophone Civil Society Consortium (CACSC); The arrest of the consortium leaders and the declaration of independence of a new state ‘Ambazonia’ by a group of separatist leaders who had emerged from these grievances.&nbsp;</p> 2022-06-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 https://americanjournal.org/index.php/ajac/article/view/73 AN ANALYSIS OF POLITENESS STRATEGY USED IN BATAKNESE TRADITIONAL WEDDING CEREMONY: A CASE ON PRAGMATICS 2022-09-19T15:35:29+00:00 Roita Angel Isabella herman@uhn.ac.id Narambean Simanjuntak herman@uhn.ac.id Rodia Mestina Simaremare herman@uhn.ac.id Herman herman@uhn.ac.id Nurhayati Sitorus herman@uhn.ac.id <p>This study deal with the analysis of politeness strategy used in Bataknese Traditional Wedding Ceremony in Mangulosi. Mangulosi tradition is required in the life of the Batak Toba’s people, because in this tradition the meaning contained in it has an important influence on life. The Mangulosi tradition is a form of parental love to children and giving blessing to children. This study used descriptive qualitative research. The object is people who gives the utterance of Toba Batak wedding ceremony of Sumarlin Rambe and Nenci Br. Simanjuntak. The collecting data has applied the observation with camera phone as the instrument. The findings of the study showed that three politness strategies found in Mangulosi in Batak Toba wedding ceremony, namely: Bald on Record, Positive Politeness, Negative Politeness, specifically, 8 (26,7%) for Bald on Record, 20 (66,6%) for Positive Politeness, 2 (6,7%) for Negative Politeness. The most dominant types of politeness strategies in Mangulosi were Positive Politeness. This type was dominant type because positive politeness strategy is an important thing for daily communication because by applying it the message can be accepted by the hearer well.</p> 2022-09-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022